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1914 - Present

World Wars and Globalization:

WWI: The 1st war to end all wars.

World War I was triggered by the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand on June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo. Trouble had been brewing in the Balkans for years. Alliances between Balkan nations and Weatern European powers led to the eventual outbreak of the war. Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy (which withdrew upon the outbreak of war) formed the Central Powers. France, Russia, and the United Kingdom formed the Triple Entente. The war was fought on an eastern and western front, of course the east and west borders of Germany. America eventually entered the war and led the Entente allies to a victory. With the war over, the victorious nations met for a conference and created the Treaty of Versailles. Germany was blamed for almost the entire war and was severely punished.

Green = Allied Powers, Orange = Central Powers
wwi.jpg

Communism

During and after WWI, Russia went through a Civil War. The Red and White armies battled for power with the communist reds coming out on top. Early ruler Lenin ruled over the new U.S.S.R. until his death in 1924. The reign of his sucessor, Joseph Stalin, has been compared to that of Hitler (whom Stalin later went to war against) in the number of people killed during it.

The Great Depression: No Prozac back then.

The Great Depression was a crash in the world econoly that occured during the 1930's. Most accept the beginning of the Depression as Black Tuesday, October 29th, 1929. This was the day that the American stock market crashed. America was not the only country hit hard. Germany was devastated due to the massive payments due after World War I. Germany's antagonism from this is seen as one of the causes of WWII.

WWII: The 2nd war to end all wars.

World War II was the direct result of the Nazi power in Germany. Adolf Hitler came into power in Germany in 1933, leading the Nazis to take control of the country. He preached the existence of the supreme Aryan race and militaristic views. He began the chain of events that led to the Holocaust and the murder of 6 million Jews. Britain and France both adopted an appeasement policy to try to avoid an outbreak of war. However with the German invasion of Poland, the Allied Nations of Britain, France, and the U.S.S.R. could no longer stand idly by. Nazi Germany, along with Japan and Fascist Italy formed the Axis Powers. Germany invaded much of Eastern Europe along with France, Italy conquered N. Africa, and Japan ravaged China and the Pacific Islands. In the European theatre, Germany used tactic of Blitzkreig, leading air raids on Britain and dominating the land on the continent. The U-Boat attacks in the Atlantic and Japan's bombing of Pearl Harbor triggered America's entry into the war. American and other allied troops liberated France beginning on D-Day, June 6, 1944 at the beaches of Normandy. They were eventually able to push back and defeat the Nazi armies. Soviet troops began a march on Berlin and a final surrender came on April 30, 1945 after Hitler's suicide. The Americans then directed almost fill attention to the Pacific theatre. To end the war with less American casualties, President Harry S. Truman gave the order to drop two atomic bombs on Japan, one on Nagasaki and one on Hiroshima. The Japanese offered an official surrender on September 2, 1945.

D. Green= Pre PH Allies, L. Green= Post PH Allies
ww2.jpg
Orange= Axis Powers

Cold War: Almost WWIII.

The Cold War was characterized by extreme tensions between the U.S. and Soviet Russia. While there was no true war between the two, other wars were created from the situation, including the Vietnam and Korean Wars. IT is believed that WWIII was narrowly avoided during the Cuban Missle Crisis. Neither side attacked however due to the fear of M.A.D. or Mutually assured destruction. If one side were to attack the other would retaliate with just as much force. The tensions came to a head in the divided city of Berlin. The west was controlled by the U.S. and European countries, while the East was controlled by the U.S.S.R. Finaly in the 80's, the Iron Curtain fell with the destruction of the Berlin Wall and Communism in Russia quickly declined.



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